HOW PREPARE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Q.1. What is the basic reason for ‘Public Administration’ becoming so popular among the aspirants of Civil Services and State Services? Ans.The basic reason lies in the Interdisciplinary nature and non-technical content of the subject matter. The subject has lot of practical significance and this makes it more interesting and understandable even to those students, who are completely newcomers in the field of Public Administration. At the same time every candidate has some basic knowledge of what administrative system is. Public Administration is pragmatic in nature dealing also with Indian Administrative System, which facilitates the success of candidates at each and every stage of examination, that is, Preliminary, mains and Interview. As compared to other social sciences, humanities, Public Administration is more dependable and manageable within a specified time period subject to the condition that a systematic approach is adopted during the course of preparation to meet the requirements of the examination. Q.2. What is the best way to understand the contributions of the thinkers in a right perspective? Ans.Learn basic theories and techniques of Managements relevant to the subject matter of Public Administration. This is important because most of the thinkers have been primarily concerned with developing theories to improve the management of private sector. First of all, try to understand the essential ingredients of any theory and also understand the contemporary socio-eco-political conditions prevailing at the time of the crystallization of the theories. After this, the second step should be to understand the contributions of respective thinkers under specific theories. Q.3. While preparing the subject, to what extend one has to be familiarwith Political Science. Ans. Public Administration is an offshoot of political Science, but has its own ‘locus’ and ‘focus’. At the same time the functioning of administrative system has direct influence of prevailing political system. Both these factors make it desirable that there should be fundamental understanding of political ideologies and institutions. It has to be kept in mind that a proper grasp of theories governing political ideologies and institutions is must. In this respect NCERT books (class XI-XII) Prescribed for Political Science can be useful. Q.4. What specific suggestions you can offer to prepare the Mains with Public Administration? Ans.(a) The syllabus comprises of two papers, but is never desirable to prepare the two papers separately. The integrated approach to the completion of syllabus is always desirable. This saves time and provides in depth understanding of the subject matter in a realistic manner. (b) The main examination is generally considered to be highly subjective in nature. But through objective preparation the one of subjectivity can be reduced to a great extent. (c) Conceptual topics, like Theories of Administration, Administrative Behaviour, Comparative and Development Administration, require extra effort but are scoring at the same time. (d) Comments, statements and observations by eminent thinkers, scholars and administrators should be analysed with due emphasis to grasp their substantive meaning : Q.5. How to take care of the current perspective in second paper of the Mains’syllabus? Ans.The very nature of the second paper demands familiarity with political and administrative issues of contemporary relevance. For this, develop a habit of regular study of newspapers, magazines, and newsletters published from Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA). Q.6. The syllabus of Public Administration has not revised for quite some time. It is going to have a bearing on my score? Ans.The policy of UPSC probably has been to discourage the popularity of an optional either by revision of its syllabus or put a change on the scoring pattern. As a coroilary, Public Administration may suffer slightly. Q.7. What should be the best way to present answers in the examination? Ans. On completion of the textual readings, writing practice is must. Try to attempt the answers in an orderly, effective and exact expression, combined with due economy of words. In comment type questions your attempt should be to answer well within the prescribed limits. For medium and major questions the answers should be written in about 150 – 200 words respectively. To conclude, it can be suggested that the consultation of authentic standard reference books is crucial in the success-oriented preparation of Public Administration. The growing popularity of the subject should not lead to an impression that satisfactory performance is possible on the basis of general readings and superficial knowledge. This statement is not to discoverage the aspirants but to acquaint the prospective candidates with the hard realties which one has to accept in the right earnest. Wishing you all best. Q.8. Please suggest some essential readings to prepare public Administration. Ans. Since the preparation of Preliminary & Main examinations requires different orientations, the suggested reading for the two is being illustrated under separate heading.