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How to prepare for Political Science optional for UPSC Exam

Terms like governance, administration, and law and order are often used to describe bureaucrats. Understanding political science and the political landscape at the national, international, and state levels is crucial for anybody aiming for a career in the civil service.

One such elective whose subject directly or indirectly overlaps with the majority of the upsc CSE syllabus of political science and International Relations Optional Subject. Therefore, if you take this optional, you should study it well while preparing for the UPSC exam.

The intriguing aspect of this optional is that it is simple to study even if you have no prior knowledge of the humanities. All you have to do is put effort into grasping concepts and attaining intellectual clarity.

Reasons why people choose Political Science

Here are a few advantages:

  • Time will be much reduced
  • 20 to 25 percent of the questions in General Studies Paper II are related to Indian politics.
  • Despite without having a background in political science, applicants can readily understand and study this subject because it is just mildly technical.
  • Anyone who regularly reads newspapers should be able to comprehend and learn about the principles.
  • The idea that political science has a broad syllabus is only partially accurate. However, the UPSC Prelims curriculum and General Knowledge cover the majority of the material.
  • Understanding the topics covered in this subject will also help you prepare for the IAS Current Affairs exam.

How to Prepare for UPSC Political Science optional?

There are few tips for Political Science optional that might help you in the UPSC Exam Preparation:

NCERT books for UPSC Political Science

Starting with the fundamentals is always the wisest course of action, and NCERT does fundamentals better than anyone. For students pursuing the humanities and arts paths, political science begins in sixth grade and lasts through grade 12; it ends in class ten. For all of these classes, you should first get ncert political science books for upsc and read them several times. Additionally, these publications will be your greatest option any time you need to go back to the fundamentals or require a doubt to be explained simply.

Make Notes for Political Science optional subject

You should begin by making a few basic notes before moving on to anything else. These should be created utilising the information provided above while concentrating on the UPSC’s official political science test syllabus. Making your own ready reference kit is the idea behind quick notes. It should be brief, covering all subjects in 5 to 10 lines with space for significant data, etc. The purpose is to serve as a primer or quick reminder, so under no circumstances should this line limit per topic be exceeded. It should only be used for routinely brief recaps.

Study Plan for UPSC Political Science Optional

For each exam preparation, the study plan is crucial. In order to succeed in attaining a high grade on the UPSC exam, it is essential. Make a study schedule for the UPSC test. Plan your preparation for the UPSC Political Science & International Relations, Optional Paper on a monthly, weekly, and daily basis. Set aside time to play, eat, watch TV, and study in addition to the time allotted for exam preparation. Spend at least 8 hours every day studying for the IAS exam and a few hours per day preparing and if you have lack of time and you want to take coaching from the Best IAS Coaching in Delhi then SHRI RAM IAS is the best option to opt in.

Answer Writing Skill

One must have the skills to write tricky answers. When answering conceptual inquiries, one should first cite the idea’s creator and then, if possible, illustrate the concept with diagrams. Then, one should cite specific scholars’ arguments in support and opposition and include their names. The concept’s relevance to the modern world should be discussed towards the conclusion. For current affairs questions, one must give a one-sentence summary of the incident followed by an explanation. Then, the arguments in favour of and against the topic should be discussed along with who made the quotes. The next step is to examine the situation, offer potential solutions or offer their viewpoint (whichever is pertinent), and, if possible, include academics.

Improve your Newspaper Reading Skills for Optional Subject UPSC Exam

Reading newspapers is the best thing you could do to prepare for political science optional for UPSC exam. Daily newspapers contain all important political news. Reading them daily will increase your knowledge in political science and can even help you ace your exam.

Read Previous Papers to Boost Score in Political Science Papers.

The UPSC international relations syllabus necessitates ongoing current affairs preparation in addition to book study. Understanding current events and how they connect to theories is crucial. To grasp the nature of the issues and the breadth of the material to be read, it is advisable to look through previous year’s papers from at least the last three years. This will enable you to estimate the amount and duration of your investment in the option.

Understanding of the Subject

You don’t need to keep in mind every name and number that appears in an article about a certain fraud, for instance. You simply need to comprehend the fundamentals of the issue, the important players and individuals engaged, the relevant law or policy, and its repercussions for the nation and society.


You can experience the following challenges:

  • Several concepts based on theory.
  • Composing the most succinct notes possible for extensive occurrences.
  • The demand for excellent writing and responses never ceases.
  • Framing abilities
  • Research and accuracy are necessary at all times.


Despite without having a background in political science, applicants can readily understand and study this subject because it is just mildly technical. Anyone who regularly reads newspapers should be able to comprehend and learn the principles because they are general.